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The Great Wall of China is one of the 7 wonders of the world.
It is a series of walls and fortifications running across the historical northern borders of China in the east-west line. These walls were built to serve as a defense of the country against invasions and raids by various migrant tribes living in the Eurasian Invaders like the Mongols and Russians.
Here are 50 Facts about the Great Wall of China:
#1: The Great Wall of China is one of the 7 new wonders of the world. With more than twenty-seven centuries of history remains it is one of the most magnificent man-made architectural projects in the world.
#2: The great wall total length is equal to half the length of the equator the wall is i.e. 21,196.18 Km. Without a doubt, it is the longest feat of human engineering.
#3: The length of the great wall of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) is 8,851.8 Km. It is the best-preserved among all the sections of the Great Wall.
#4: The average height of the wall is 6-7 meters and the highest point is 14 meters. However, the wall is disappearing day by day because of human activities and natural erosion.
#5: With an elevation of 1,439.3 meters, the wall’s highest point is Huanglouyuan in the northern West suburb of Beijing. Meanwhile, the lowest point is in Hebei which is just above sea level.
#6: The Chinese name for the Great Wall of China is “Changcheng” which means a long wall or long walls.
#7: The Great Wall of China is the longest wall on earth. Its main line is nearly three times that length of Britain.
#8: The Great Wall of China spans across 15 regions in North China.
#9: The wall is about 2700 years old. Construction of the wall was constructed somewhere between 300 and 200 BC
#10: More than 1 million laborers were recruited for the construction of the Great Wall of China. Unfortunately, many of these workers were buried within the walls as well.
#11: The Great Wall is not just made up of long walls but a collection of walls. It’s a defensive Network consisting of many walls and forts built in different historical periods, with some segments scattering while some sovereign parallel.
#12: The Great Wall is a staple tourist attraction in China that attracts more than 50 million visitors every year. In fact, it’s been visited by more than 460 state heads and VIPs from around the world.
#13: Emperor Qin Shi Huang is often referred to as the initiator of the Great Wall. He was the first one who commanded the linking of the different sections of the wall that were built by previous states.
#14: The great wall you see today isn’t as old as you think. In fact, many of its sections have been renovated and developed into tourist resorts such as the section in battling and parts in Beijing and Hebe. These renovated parts around 400 to 600 years old.
#15: The Chinese used glutinous rice to bind the bricks and stones of the wall. This was done by mixing together a pace of sticky rice flour and steak slime which was the standard ingredient in mortar.
#16: The wall’s construction officially finished in 1644, when the last ruler of the Ming Dynasty was overthrown. The Ming Dynasty was in China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Dynasty led Qing Dynasty.
#17: It will take you roughly 18 months to walk across the Great Wall of China. That’s just as ambitious as tracking an entire 1,800 miles of the Gobi Desert to the Yellow Sea.
#19: The Great Wall of China got its official name in the 19th century. Prior to that, it was only known as a barrier, and other various names such as the frontier, ramparts, and the outer fortress.
#20: The most dangerous section of the wall is the Jiankou section. Interestingly it is also the most photographed section of the wall due to a steep mounting, stunning scenery, and its unique construction style.
#21: You can find numerous temples around the Great Wall of China. the temples were built to worship the God of War “Guandi”.
#22: There are around 7,000 lookout towers on the Great Wall. Moreover, it is estimated that over 1 million soldiers guarded the Great Wall during the height of the Ming Dynasty.
#23: During the construction of the wall the Chinese invented the wheel burrow. Although the exact date in the actual inventor’s name both seem to be lost to history.
#24: Gunpowder was also invented by the Chinese during the construction of the wall. it was used to defend the wall from invaders.
#25: The last battle that was fought at the Great Wall of China was the Sino Japanese war in 1938. The second Sino Japanese war was a military conflict primary between the Republic of China and the Emperor of Japan from July 7th, 1937 to September 2nd, 1945.
#26: The highest point of the Great Wall of China is on the Heita mountain. The mountain is in Beijing and stands at 5,033 feet above sea level.
#27: If you tour operators also arranged night tours, when the wall is illuminated with lines of light. Tourists can stay overnight in the beautiful water town of a cemetery section of the Great Wall.
#28: There’s a myth that you can see the Great Wall from the moon with your naked eyes. The rumor originated in the 19th century. However, it isn’t true. It would be the equivalent of trying to see a human strand of hair from two miles away.
#29: 1/3 part of the wall has already disappeared. It is estimated there without effective conservation the remaining sections of the wall would disappear within 30 years.
#30: The Chinese people believe that the wall is a personification of the Chinese dragon. Historically, the Chinese dragon was associated with the Emperor of China and used it as a symbol to represent imperial power.
#31: The wall is one of the most expensive constructions in the world. The exact costs to construct the wall is open to debate, but experts suggested that the building of the wall costs around 360 billion.
#32: There are 3 inner side passages in the Great Wall.
#33: UNESCO declared the Great Wall of China as a World Heritage Site in 1987. Various parts of the wall have been listed as state or provincial priority protection sites under the law of the People’s public of China on the protection of cultural relics.
#34: The Great Wall of china’s lowest point is Laolongtou. This part of the wall is located in Hebe and is just above sea level
#35: The Great Wall sadly is also called the longest cemetery in the world. The laborers comprised of civilians soldiers and convicts. Unfortunately, that toxin worked up many lives reportedly costing the lives of more than a million people.
#36: Part of the walls are so wide that a car can be driven inside. On average, the wall is 20 feet 6 meters wide.
#37: The great wall labor force included soldiers forcibly recruited peasants convicts and prisoners of war. Consequently, in the SU dynasty (581 to 618 AD), the widow was also forced to work because of their mail Labor’s had died.
#38: A popular great war legend about the weeping Meng Jiangnv. Meng Jiangnv’s husband lost her life building the wall and it was said that her bitter weeping caused the collapse of one section of the wall revealing her husband’s remains.
#39: Typically a beacon Tower was built after every 18 km of the wall. The beacon-enabled far off smoke signals to pass information such as news of an incoming attack quickly along the wall from fortification to fortification.
#40: 2 story castles were also built on the wall. The structures were intended for soldiers and guards to store weapons and ammunition fighting.
#41: Initially the wall was made with only rammed earth. This is a mixture of sand clay and so compacted between wooden frames and allowed to draw in hardened.
#42: The Great Wall starting point is in Jiayuuan located on the western end of the wall. Jiayuuan means the excellent valley paths in Chinese and is found at an arrow’s point of the hex corridor western section.
#43: The exact spot at the beginning of the Great Wall was the walls first beacon tower. The beacon tower was built in 1539 but it is now just a mound of Earth.
#44: At present over 400 world leaders have visited the battling section of the wall this includes President Nixon, President Ronald Reagan, Queen Elizabeth II, PM Margaret Thatcher, President Putin, President Mandela, Emperor Aikido, etc.
#45: The film the great wall was directed by the Chinese film director Zhang Yimou and was his first English film. The film starred Matt Damon and Pedro Pascal and was also the most expensive film shot entirely in China.
#46: The Great Wall of China was defended primarily by archers. Since it was too expensive to keep the war perpetually manned centuries on the lengths of the wall served to warn against impending enemies.
#47: The most valuable section of the walls are the gates. To keep enemies from entering the gates traps were laid between the inner and outer gate. Some gates also led to a smaller fortress.
#48: The Great Wall Marathon is held in the Beijing section of the wall every year. The event features a full section of runs included in a Super Marathon of which is 45 kilometers, full course marathon which is for 42.2 km, Half course Marathon which is 21.1 km, and the mini-marathon which is 5 kilometers.
#49: There are 13 famous fortification passes along the Great Wall they serve as the most important fortifications for central China and defend it from the northern nomadic minorities.
#50: The period of the Cultural Revolution in China 1966 and 1976 the Great Wall was seen as a symbol of tyranny. Consequently, citizens were encouraged to use the bricks of the wall for the construction of their home, resulting in the degradation of some parts of the wall.
That was 50 facts about the Great Wall of China! Show your support by sharing these Interesting Facts. If you have any topics you’d like us to cover in the future please leave a comment down below. Till then stay safe and keep Learning!