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Wales is one of the most beautiful countries in the world. Wales is a part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Here are 50 fascinating facts about Wales:
#1: AS of 2017, a population of Wales is 3.125 million people. The majority of these people live in Cardiff, the capital city of Wales. It has a population of approximately 350,000 people.
#2: Welsh is the native language of Wales. Over 560,00 people speak Welsh. This is roughly one in every six people in the country.
#3: Wales’s total land area is 20,779 square kilometers, which only makes up to 8.6% of the UK’s total land area (which is 242,400 square kilometers). Wales has mostly mountains and is home to some of the tallest peaks in the UK.
#4: Wales is listed among the modern Celtic nations. These Celtic nations include Cornwall, Ireland, and Scotland.
#5: The Corgi Dog ( it means dwarf-dog or cor-ci.) was originated from Wales. Queens’s Favourite Dog. They’ve been as a choice of the royal family dog for generations.
#6: The smallest city in the UK is St. Davids, which is situated on the Welsh west coast. The population of this city is 1841 people as of 2011.
#7: Wales has the highest number of castles per square kilometer than any other Nation in the world. Wales once had over 600 castles within its borders. But now only around 100 of these are in existence. Caerphilly Castle is the largest in Wales and the second largest in Europe.
#8: There are 12.5 million sheep in Wales, which is four times as many people living in Wales. But this is nothing as compared to New Zealand which has over 30 million sheep
#9: Wales is not shown on the flag of the UK. Wales was not included because the first UK flag was created when Wales was a principality of England.
#10: Cardiff with a population of nearly half a million people makes it the tenth most populated city in the United Kingdom.
#11: Mount Snowdon is the Wales tallest mountain, which stands at 1085 meters tall. Mount Snowdon is 260 meters shorter than the UK’s tallest mountain Ben Nevis, which is 1345 meters tall.
#12: Britain Ogof Ffynnon Dddu, is the deepest cave in Wales which is situated near Abercraf Village. It’s over 274 meters deep and it’s over 50 kilometers long, with much of that yet to be explored.
#13: Some of the Welsh actors are Anthony Hopkins, Catherine zeta-jones, Christian Bale, and Richard Burton.
#14: Cardiff’s Principality Stadium is the largest retractable stadium roof in the UK. The opening size of the roof is 108 meters by 80 meters and it takes 20 minutes to open or close the roof.
#15: The first official boundary between England and Wales is Offa’s Dyke. The Dyke is 283 kilometers long. It was created in 784 AD by King Offa of Mercia.
#16: The southwest Wales cold fields are known for producing some of the finest coals in the world. There was a time when Wales made 40% of the UK’s total coal production. At the Big Pit Welsh National Coal Mining Museum, You can travel around 90 meters down into the Welsh coal mine.
#17: Mount Everest is named after a Welshman Sir George Everest. He was born in Guatemala breccia in Mid Wales in 1790. He was a surveyor and geographer.
#18: Saint David or Dewi Sant the patron saint of Ireland is Welsh. He was taken to Ireland by Irish slavers.
#19: Joseph ‘Job’ Daniel’s a Welshman who emigrated to America in the early 18th century, was the grandfather of Jack Daniel’s, the famous American whiskey maker.
#20: Robert Recorde born in Tempe Pembrokeshire in 1512, invented the mathematical equal sign (=). He also introduced the English-speaking world to the mathematical plus sign (+)
#21: Craig-y- Nos Castle was once home to opera singer Adelina Patti. She bought the castle in 1878 and lived there for over 40 years. Captain Reece Davis Powell originally built the castle between 1840 in 1843.
#22: Officially the first-ever Welsh settler in America was Howell Powell. Basically he came from the Brecon in Mid Wales and eventually settled in Virginia in 1642.
#23: Thomas Telford designed and build the Menai Suspension Bridge in 1826. This bridge spans the Menai Straits between Bangor and Anglesey and had a span of 176 meters which is the longest span in the world.
#24: The Llangernyw tree found in the garden of St Digain’s in Llangernyw close to Conwy town is the oldest tree in the world. The tree is approximately 4,000 years old.
#25: The Welsh flag of a green and white stripe and red dragon on it was officially recognized from 1959. The dragon came from an Arthurian legend that told of wizard Merlin’s vision of a red dragon fighting a white. This flag represented the battle between the native Britons (red) and Saxon invaders (white). The red dragon won and the green and white refer to the colors of the House of Tudor.
#26: The National Botanical Garden, Carmarthenshire, Wales is a glass-domed greenhouse. It is one of the largest single-span glass roofs in the world. It is nearly a hundred meters long and has four different climates so different plants can grow in this glasshouse.
#27: Lawn Tennis was invented by Welshman Major Walter Wingfield in the gardens of Nantclywd Hall near Ruthin.
#28: Guglielmo Marconi sent the first-ever radio message from Lavernock Point, South Wales to a small island in the middle of the Bristol Channel called Flat Holm on May 11th, 1897.
#29: In 1907, the world’s first 1 million pound deal was done in the Cardiff coal exchange. The exchange was built in 1888 and has since been renovated and turned into a luxury hotel
#30: Wales national sport is Rugby, and they have a fierce rivalry with England.
#31: Llewellyn Humphreys from Powis, Mid Wales was Al Capone’s accountant. His nickname was “Murray the Camel” or “Murray the Hump”. When Capone was eventually sent to jail Humphries was entrusted with control over the mob.
#32: Welsh Windows is a version of the Windows operating system just for the Welsh. Welsh was used as a representative of the Celtic languages because of its popularity.
#33: Eisteddfod is a celebration of poetry, music, and the song is held every year in Wales. This was started in 1176 by Lord Rhys at Cardigan Castle. In this, it is moved around the country every year so people from across the country can easily attendEisteddfod.
#34: Swansea is the second-largest city in Wales. Swansea is the gateway to the Gower Peninsula a designated area of outstanding natural beauty.
#35: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch is the longest place name in Europe and second-longest place name in the world. This name means St Mary’s church in the hollow of the white hazel near to the rapid whirlpool of Llantysilio of the red cave.
#36: There is a total of 55,514 kilometers of roads in Wales.
#37: Angeles is the largest Welsh island. It has a total land area of 714 square kilometers. The Holy Island is the second-largest Welsh Island with a land area of just under 40 square kilometers.
#38: Bangor-on-Dee is the oldest monastery in Britain which is found on the outskirts of Wrexham, North Wales. It was founded nearly 15,000 years ago in 560 AD.
#39: Welsh National Coastal Path is an unbroken walkable coastal path that stretches the entire Walsh Coast. And indeed it is just over 1400 kilometers in total length.
#40: Wales is said to be the home of the mythical King Arthur. In the heart of the ghoul Peninsula, you can find King Arthur stone. A huge boulder sat upon other rocks. Excalibur, Arthur’s magical sword was said to be tossed into one of the lakes in Wales.
#41: Swansea’s nickname was Copperopolis because Swansea was once considered to be the copper capital of the world. Copper is not native to South Wales, it was shipped in because it took far more coal to smelt the copper. Making it cheaper to bring the Copper to Swansea.
#42: On 1st of March 2014 which is celebrated as St. David’s Day, a group of cooks from the town of Bala cooked the biggest ever Welsh cake. The massive cake measured 1.5 meters in diameter and weighed 48lbs (21.7kg). A Welsh cake is a good old flatbread filled with fruits and/or currants.
#43: Dylan Thomas was a famous poet born in Swansea on October 27th, 1914. His most famous work is a play called Under MilkWood. Dylan was only 39 years old when he died in New York on the 9th of November 1953.
#44: In 1652, the Haverfordwest was the last era in the UK to suffer from the plague. The death rates from the plague were three times than the normal death in the UK.
#45: The first locker brewers open in Britain were Wrexham Lager. Wrexham Lager was opened by German immigrants in 1881.
#46: The Welsh Love Spoons are an iconic symbol known throughout the world and are exported to nearly every country. These are carved from wood with interlocking knots and hearts embedded in the wood to represent a couple’s bond and love for each other.
#47:Bill Frost was a Welsh inventor who apparently took to the air 8 years before the Wright brothers in the Saundersfoot 1895 Wright Machine Flying Machine ‘before crashing into a tree.
#48: Blackadder III of Wales said, “You need half a pint of phlegm in your throat just to pronounce the place names.”
#49: Roald Dahl, the world-famous children’s author was born in Cardiff in 1916. His work includes tales like The BFG, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, and Matilda.
#50: Cardiff International Airport is the only International Airport in Wales. It serves over 1 million passengers a year and it is the 20th largest airport in the UK. The second-largest airport in Wales is Swansea Airport and is not used commercially.
#51: Wales isn’t just known for his coal, it also produces some of the finest slate in the world. The slate industries produced over half a million tonnes of slate annually.
#52: British royal family uses Welsh gold for wedding rings.
And that was 50 Interesting facts about Wales.
Which of these facts about wales do you find most interesting? Do let us know in the comment box below. Till then stay safe and keep learning!